The Importance of a Heel-First Landing Part 2

 
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A Heel-First Landing vs. A Toe-First Landing Part 2 

Does a horse need to land heel-first? What makes a heel-first landing so much better than a toe-first landing? 

 

This is our second blog of the 4 part Scoot Boot blog series which aims to educate horse owners about the damaging effects of a toe-first landing, not only for the health of the hoof but the overall health of the horse. This blog outlines the importance of heel-first landings in horses and why it is the healthier, preferred landing. To read our first part of the series, please go to our blog ‘The Importance of a Heel First Landing Part 1’. 

 

Read through our 4 part Scoot Boot blog series to discover the benefits of a barefoot rehabilitation method to achieve a heel-first landing, just the way nature intended… 

 

A brown and white horse wearing blue Scoot Boots galloping through gravel

 

 

Why is it Healthier for Horses to Land Heel-First? 

The anatomy of a horse’s front hooves is specifically designed for a heel-first landing. The caudal area (the back) of the hoof contains the frog, digital cushion and lateral cartilage; these are all soft tissues that are designed for the absorption of concussive forces. When a horse lands heel-first on these structures, the forces of the impact can be dissipated efficiently and evenly between these soft tissues, preventing the forces from being absorbed by the ligaments and tendons in the lower limbs and skeletal structures.

 

 

A heel-first landing is also vital for the proper DEVELOPMENT of the digital cushion and the lateral cartilages. 

 

 A horizontal cross cut of the digitial cushion and lateral cartilage in a horse's hoof

(von Horst, 2013)

 

If a horse is landing toe-first, they are landing on the thinnest part of the sole, where the forces are unable to be dissipated and thus the concussive forces are absorbed by the horse’s lower limbs which are not designed for this. The thinnest part of the sole has the least amount of protection for the most sensitive parts of the hoof, such as the pedal bone. Over time, this can lead to conditions such as arthritis, ringbone, navicular and pedal osteitis.  

 

White and grey horse wearing red Scoot Boots galloping on a sandy beach

 

 

Are Horses Supposed to Land Heel-First all the Time? 

Although heel-first landings are the natural, healthier way for a horse to land on their front feet on level, hard ground, a horse can’t land on its heel in every scenario. In some circumstances, toe-first landings are a normal movement.

 

Horses can use a toe-first landing to accelerate themselves forward uphill, through slippery terrain (such as wet tarmac and mud) and rocky terrain. This is a perfectly normal and healthy movement for these conditions. However, this movement becomes unhealthy and abnormal when the horse uses a toe-first landing all, or most of the time. Over time, this can cause damage to the horse’s hooves, joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles. 

 

Brown horse wearing Scoot Skins cantering up a steep rocky hill in an endurance competition

 

 

Building a Barefoot Community 

The team at Scoot Boot believe passionately in the barefoot horse and strive to build a supportive community of barefoot horse lovers. We aim to share everything we know about going barefoot and are eager to hear your barefoot success stories. Please reach out to us!

 

A girl riding a brown horse wearing red Scoot boots in a barrel race competition

 

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A grey horse wearing pink Scoot Boots walking through a rocky river

 

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A woman wearing a purple top show jumping 1.5 metres on a brown and black horse in a sand arena

 

 

Bibliography 

Blogs:

Barker, N., 2010. Heel First, Flat and Toe First Landings. [Blog] Rockley Farm, Available at: <http://rockleyfarm.blogspot.com/2010/10/heel-first-flat-and-toe-first-landings.html> [Accessed 1 July 2020].

 

Barker, N., 2013. Rockley Farm. [Blog] Research, Facts, Evidence and Reasons for Blogging, Available at: <https://rockleyfarm.blogspot.com/2013/08/research-facts-evidence-and-reasons-for.html> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

EquiMed Staff, 2014. EquiMed. [Blog] Contracted Heels, Available at: <https://equimed.com/diseases-and-conditions/reference/contracted-heels> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Hoof Function: Heads Up! Heels First!, 2019. DocFoals.com. Available at: <https://docfoals.com/blogs/news/heads-up-heels-first> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

KPP Staff, 2015. Kentucky Performance Products. [Blog] Dealing With Arthritis in Senior Horses, Available at: <https://kppusa.com/2012/08/02/dealing-arthritis-senior-horses/> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Scoot Boot Staff, 2020. Scoot Boots. [Blog] What Can We Do About Navicular? Can Barefoot Rehab Really Help?, Available at: <https://scootboots.com/blogs/blog/how-scoot-boots-transitioning-to-barefoot-can-aid-in-navicular-recovery> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Images:

von Horst, C., 2013. Most Of The Digital Cushion Of The Horse Is Housed Inside A Rigid Outer Hoof Capsule And Between The Lateral Cartilages Of The Coffin Bone. Its Function Has Been Proposed By Different Researchers As Having Both Passive And Active Roles In Weightbearing And Shock Absorption In The Equine Foot.. [image] Available at: <https://hoofcare.blogspot.com/2013/02/equine-foot-digital-cushion-elephant-Sharton-Warner-research.html> [Accessed 22 July 2020].

 

Journals:

Gillis DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVSMR, C., 1997. Tendinitis. The Horse, [online] Available at: <https://thehorse.com/14788/tendinitis/> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Pullen, G., 2001. Barefoot Benefits. The Horse, [online] Available at: <https://thehorse.com/14968/barefoot-benefits/> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Magazine:

Pascoe, E., 2014. A Pain in the Heels: A New Look at Navicular Disease. Practical Horseman Magazine, [online] Available at: <https://practicalhorsemanmag.com/health-archive/pain-heels-navicular-disease-14612> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Ramey, P., 2013. http://www.hoofrehab.com/WhyToe-First.html. Horseback Magazine, [online] Available at: <http://www.hoofrehab.com/WhyToe-First.html> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Websites:

Scoot Boots. 2020. Sizing Advice. [online] Available at: <https://scootboots.com/pages/sizing-fitting> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Smith, M., 2017. Barefoot For Soundness. [online] Barefoothorse.com. Available at: <http://www.barefoothorse.com> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Smith, M., 2012. Heel-First Landing: A Good Indicator Of A Balanced Trim. [online] Barefoothorse.com. Available at: <http://www.barefoothorse.com/barefoot_Breakover.html> [Accessed 1 July 2020].

 

VetZone. 2012. Tendon And Ligament Strains And Sprains. [online] Available at: <https://www.vetzone.com.au/Home/Articles/Article/tabid/1927/ArticleID/1551/Tendon-and-Ligament-Strains-and-Sprains.aspx#.Xv1F8i1L2CV> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Videos: 

HorseHoofHelp, 2011. Importance Of Heel Strike. [video] Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQZUDVZqhq0> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

Scoot Boots, 2018. The Barefoot Trim - Less Is More!. [video] Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6npbyuBU36Q&feature=youtu.be&t=43> [Accessed 2 July 2020].

 

TheHorsePT, 2019. Heel First Landings - Hoof Biomechanics With The Horse PT. [video] Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9n17CfwgOuQ> [Accessed 1 July 2020].

 

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